Development at any phase is always linked with technology and technology happens when there is advancement in science. Hence science, technology and development are all proportional to each other.
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Development is required in every individual to every nation in all aspects and for development to happen, science and technology go hand in hand. Basically science is known as the study of knowledge, which is made into a system and depends on analysing and understanding facts. Technology is basically the application of this scientific knowledge.
For any successful economy, particularly in today’s quest for knowledge based economies, science, technology and engineering are the basic requisites. If nations do not implement science and technology, then the chances of getting themselves developed becomes minimal and thus could be even rated as an undeveloped nation. Science and Technology is associated in all means with modernity and it is an essential tool for rapid development.
Modernization in every aspect of life is the greatest example of the implementation of science and technology in every nation. With the introduction of modern gadgets in every walk of life, life has become simple and this is possible only because of implementing science and technology together. Without having modern equipment’s in all sectors, be it in medicines, infrastructure, aviation, electricity, information technology or any other field, the advancement and benefits that we face today would not have been possible.
A nation who is not able to prosper on these grounds would never be able to sustain the lives there and may have to solely depend on other nations for the basic requirements. Such is the influence of science and technology for the development of a nation.
For every nation to get developed, the application of both science and technology has to go hand in hand. Villages are developed into towns and towns to cities and cities are expanding to greater horizons. This expansion has occurred through the expansion of science and technology over the years passed and will be more in the coming years.
Today, countries are classified as developed and developing countries. The major categorization is based on economy and the application of science and technology. If carefully analysed, one gets to understand that countries which have a strong base in science and technology are the ones that developed faster. A few examples are of countries like Russia, Japan, Brazil, China, India and many more.
It is estimated by the World Bank that seven of the ten largest economies of the world by 2020 would be in Asia, China, Japan, India, Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea, and Taiwan. A few decades ago, these countries were known to have poor policies, low discipline and no advancement and then with the introduction of science and technology in an effective manner, they have made ripples across the globe.
The role that science and technology has played in improving the life conditions across the globe is vivid, but the benefit has to been harvested maximum by all countries. Science and technology has made life a lot easier and also a lot better with the advancement of medicines and analysis on diseases. Apart from the medical side, there has been remarkable development in education, communication, agriculture, industry etc. the global economic output has increased 17 folds in the 20th century. In spite of the advancements in almost all sectors, still the world is not free from hunger, disease, pollution, illiteracy and poverty. The gap between the rich and the poor has widened. By the 21st century, with the right applications of research, development, and implications of science and technology a major difference could be brought about.
It goes without saying that, a nation’s development and prosperity is judged to a large extend by the status of science and technology of that nation. A scientifically unsophisticated society means an underdeveloped nation in al sectors. It is easily understood when analysing that countries like Japan and USA who invest a decent amount for research and development are in the highest stratum of development whereas countries like Nepal who invest very less amount in research and development remain in the lowest ladder of development.
Without proper implementation of science and technology, no nation could grow and all those nations that were labelled as low in growth have proved where they stand today and all that has happened only because of science and technology.
We as citizens of the nation and who hold equal responsibility for the growth should equip our youth with all possible facilities for their research thirst and support and motivate them, as the future of our nation is in their hands and they could get our nation to more advanced levels than what it is today.
Written assignments in the sciences, technology and engineering come in a range of forms and usually require strong evidence and precision. Subject guides will give you specific information regarding assignments for particular subjects, but there are also a number of general features of good scientific writing:
1. Appropriate and relevant content
When writing in the sciences, it is especially important to "stick to the topic". In an essay, everything you write must relate to the essay question. In a laboratory report, everything you write in the introduction must be related to the exact topic and everything you write in your discussion must be related to your results. You need to be careful not to "go off on a tangent" and start to present or discuss random ideas that are not related to the exact topic or question.
2. Substantiated (supported) claims from high quality academic sources
In order to build a strong argument, claims made in scientific writing need to be supported, usually with information from a reliable, academic source.
It is VERY important to use reliable sources of information for your written assignments. For most (but not all) subjects, websites are NOT acceptable academic sources. Commercial (.com) websites are the most likely to be unreliable. The author of a commercial website is often not known and the pages may contain biased or inaccurate information. Ask your lecturer, demonstrator or tutor whether website information is allowed for a particular assignment.
For more information on finding credible sources and evaluating websites for your assignments, go to Achieve@Uni Using Information: Evaluating information
3. Proper acknowledgement of sources (referencing)
When you use information from sources such as books and journal articles, you are using ideas that you did not create yourself. As these ideas belong to someone else, it is important to acknowledge the person or people who created the ideas. In academic writing, this is done by providing references to show where the ideas came from. Referencing at university is quite complicated and takes some time to learn. For more information see the Achieve@Uni module: ‘Using Sources: Science & Technology’.
4. Adequate and accurate paraphrasing of information
In addition to providing references, you also need to paraphrase information from other sources. This means you must put the ideas in your own words. This may seem strange and difficult at first, especially if the information is complex and hard to understand, but there are good reasons for paraphrasing. Paraphrasing shows the person who is marking your work that you understand what you are writing about. It also helps you to keep a consistent writing style. Every writer has their own style and your writing will flow more smoothly if all of the sentences are written in your own natural style. Even if you provide a reference, you still need to paraphrase information before you include it in your written assignment. If you don’t, you may be accused of plagiarism.
5. Appropriate academic style and language
Precise – use specific terminology where appropriate
Concise – aim for maximum content, minimum words
Formal – avoid personal, emotional and colloquial (everyday) language
Clear structure and flow – Order points logically & link ideas within and between paragraphs
For more detailed information and examples of appropriate academic writing please see Achieve@Uni Writing at university