The Great Wall of China Essay
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The Great Wall of China
To the northwest and north of Beijing, a huge, serrated wall zigzags it's way to the east and west along the undulating mountains. This is the Great Wall, which is said to be visible from the moon. This massive wall has not only been one of the Ancient Seven Wonders of the World, but it has also been inspiration for many artists, and writers. The building of the Great Wall is one of the biggest tragedies, but through this tragedy arose triumph with the wall, being so much to so many people. The Great Wall of China is much more than a wall, and was built for many reasons that are hidden to most.
Construction of the Great Wall started in the 7th century B.C. The wall states that under the Zhou Dynasty in the…show more content…
Of elephants, lions, birds, flower and heavenly kings as well as charms in six languages-Sanskrit, Tibetan, Phats pa (Mongolian), Uygur, West Xia and Han. (Karls)
The Mutianyu section of the Great Wall, 70 kilometers northeast of Beijing, is linked to the Gubeikou section on the east and the Badaling section on the west. The Mutianyu section of the Great Wall is crenellated for watching and shooting at the invading enemy. Some of the battle forts on the wall are as close as 50 meters apart. It is one of the best sections of the Great Wall. (Karls)
Located in Miyun County northeast of Beijing, the Jinshanling division of the Great Wall, like the Simatai division, belongs to the Gubeikou section of the colossal defence barrier. The battlements in the Jinshanling division of the Great Wall are built along the ridge of a mountain, where the soldiers can resist the invading enemy by taking advantage of the high terrain. (Karls)
Located to the east of Jinshanling, the Simatai division of the Great Wall is 3,000 meters long and has 35 battle forts. The wall rises and falls with the precipitous mountain ridge, while the battle forts are located high up the hills.
From the Beakon Tower alarm was raised by means of smoke signals, at night by fire. Smoke was produced by burning a mixture of wolf dung, sulfur and saltpeter. Shots were fired at the same time. Thus an alarm could be relayed over 500km within just a few hours.
In 221 BCE the Qin Dynasty started to build the Great Wall of China. The Great Wall is over 5,000 miles long and the longest structure ever. The Qin Dynasty built 1,500-2,500 miles of the wall between 221E. The Han Dynasty continued to build the wall another 4,000 miles from 206 BCE to 221 CE about 400 years. The wall took many workers and long hours to build. The conditions for building the wall weren't the best, it was extremely cold in the winter and hot in the summer (doc F). The workers were also not fed enough food and were over tired. Three main reasons to why the benefits of the Great Wall were not worth it are the deaths, paying Xiongnu to stay out, and taking farmers away.
The first reason the benefits of the wall did not outweigh the costs was all of the deaths. With the conditions the workers were in there multiple ways they died. Some people died of starvation, while others died of extreme weather, and some died from just working on the wall. At least 300,000 people died when working on the wall (doc E). This didn't have to happen because who knows if the Xiongnu could have still raided the Chinese land in that time period. After knowing how many people died in the production of the Great Wall it was not worth it.
The second reason the benefits of the wall did not outweigh cost was taking people away from their families and jobs. To make the wall they had to get people to work on it and they took a lot of farmers. By taking the farms small towns didn't have as much food and their wasn't much food out by the wall for the workers either. If they had taken workers from other occupations then there would be more food for small towns and they could send more the the builders. This is another reason to why the Great Wall of China was not worth building.
The third reason the benefits of the Great Wall did not igh the costs was that the Han gave the Xiongnu supplies to stay out. Starting in 51